GroupConvolutionBackpropData

Versioned name: GroupConvolutionBackpropData-1

Category: Convolution

Short description: Computes the gradients of a GroupConvolution operation with respect to the input. Also known as Deconvolution or Transposed Convolution.

Detailed description:

GroupConvolutionBackpropData is similar to ConvolutionBackpropData but also specifies the group processing in a way similar to how GroupConvolution extends behavior of a regular Convolution operation.

GroupConvolutionBackpropData takes input tensor, weights tensor and output shape and computes output tensor of a given shape. The shape of the output can be specified as an input 1D integer tensor explicitly or determined according to other attributes implicitly. If the output shape is specified as an explicit input, shape of the output exactly matches the specified size and required amount of padding is computed.

GroupConvolutionBackpropData accepts the same set of attributes as a regular GroupConvolution operation, but they are interpreted in a "backward way", so they are applied to the output of GroupConvolutionBackpropData, but not to the input. Refer to a regular GroupConvolution operation for detailed description of each attribute.

Output shape when specified as an input output_shape, specifies only spatial dimensions. No batch or channel dimension should be passed along with H, W or other spatial dimensions. If output_shape is omitted, then pads_begin, pads_end or auto_pad are used to determine output spatial shape [Y_1, Y_2, ..., Y_D] by input spatial shape [X_1, X_2, ..., X_D] in the following way:

Y_i = stride[i] * (X_i - 1) + ((K_i - 1) * dilations[i] + 1) - pads_begin[i] - pads_end[i] + output_padding[i]

where K_i filter kernel dimension along spatial axis i.

If output_shape is specified, pads_begin and pads_end are ignored, and auto_pad defines how to distribute padding amount around the tensor. In this case pads are determined based on the next formulas to correctly align input and output tensors (similar to ONNX definition at https://github.com/onnx/onnx/blob/master/docs/Operators.md#convtranspose):

total_padding[i] = stride[i] * (X_i - 1) + ((K_i - 1) * dilations[i] + 1) - output_shape[i] + output_padding[i]
else:

Attributes

• strides
• Description: strides has the same definition as strides for a regular Convolution but applied in the backward way, for the output tensor.
• Range of values: positive integers
• Type: int[]
• Default value: None
• Required: yes
• Description: pads_begin has the same definition as pads_begin for a regular Convolution but applied in the backward way, for the output tensor. May be omitted, in which case pads are calculated automatically.
• Range of values: non-negative integers
• Type: int[]
• Default value: None
• Required: yes
• Note: the attribute is ignored when auto_pad attribute is specified.
• Description: pads_end has the same definition as pads_end for a regular Convolution but applied in the backward way, for the output tensor. May be omitted, in which case pads are calculated automatically.
• Range of values: non-negative integers
• Type: int[]
• Default value: None
• Required: yes
• Note: the attribute is ignored when auto_pad attribute is specified.
• dilations
• Description: dilations has the same definition as dilations for a regular Convolution but applied in the backward way, for the output tensor.
• Range of values: positive integers
• Type: int[]
• Default value: None
• Required: yes
• Description: auto_pad has the same definition as auto_pad for a regular Convolution but applied in the backward way, for the output tensor.
• None (not specified): use explicit padding values from pads_begin and pads_end.
• same_upper (same_lower) the input is padded to match the output size. In case of odd padding value an extra padding is added at the end (at the beginning).
• valid - do not use padding.
• Type: string
• Default value: None
• Required: no
• Description: output_padding adds additional amount of paddings per each spatial axis in the output tensor. It unlocks more elements in the output allowing them to be computed. Elements are added at the higher coordinate indices for the spatial dimensions. Number of elements in output_padding list matches the number of spatial dimensions in data and output tensors.
• Range of values: non-negative integer values
• Type: int[]
• Default value: all zeros
• Required: no

Inputs:

• 1: data – input tensor of rank 3 or greater. Layout is [N, C_INPUT * GROUPS, X1, ..., XD], where GROUPS is the number of groups that is specified as a dedicated dimension in filter input. Required.
• 2: filter – convolution kernel tensor. Weights have shape [GROUPS, C_INPUT, C_OUTPUT, K_D, ..., K_1]. C_INPUT is the number of channels in input data tensor shape, and C_OUTPUT is the number of channels in the output tensor. GROUPS is the number of groups in input/output channel dimension. Spatial size of the kernel [K_D, ..., K_1] is derived from the shape of this input and not specified by any attribute. Required.
• 3: output_shape is 1D integer tensor that specifies spatial shape of the output. Optional. If specified, padding amount is deduced from relation of input and output spatial shapes according to formulas in the description. If not specified, output shape is calculated based on the pads_begin and pads_end or completely according to auto_pad.

Outputs:

• 1: output – output tensor of the same rank as input data tensor and shape [N, GROUPS * C_OUTPUT, Y1, ..., YD], where GROUPS is the number of groups that is specified as a dedicated dimension in filter input.

Example

<layer id="5" name="upsampling_node" type="GroupConvolutionBackpropData">
<input>
<port id="0">
<dim>1</dim>
<dim>20</dim>
<dim>224</dim>
<dim>224</dim>
</port>
<port id="1">
<dim>4</dim>
<dim>5</dim>
<dim>2</dim>
<dim>3</dim>
<dim>3</dim>
</port>
</input>
<output>
<port id="0" precision="FP32">
<dim>1</dim>
<dim>8</dim>
<dim>447</dim>
<dim>447</dim>
</port>
</output>
</layer>