Convolution

Versioned name: Convolution-1

Category: Convolution

Short description: Reference

Detailed description: Reference

• For the convolutional layer, the number of output features in each dimension is calculated using the formula:

$n_{out} = \left ( \frac{n_{in} + 2p - k}{s} \right ) + 1$

• The receptive field in each layer is calculated using the formulas:
• Jump in the output feature map:

$j_{out} = j_{in} * s$

• Size of the receptive field of output feature:

$r_{out} = r_{in} + ( k - 1 ) * j_{in}$

• Center position of the receptive field of the first output feature:

$start_{out} = start_{in} + ( \frac{k - 1}{2} - p ) * j_{in}$

• Output is calculated using the following formula:

$out = \sum_{i = 0}^{n}w_{i}x_{i} + b$

Attributes

• strides
• Description: strides is a distance (in pixels) to slide the filter on the feature map over the (z, y, x) axes for 3D convolutions and (y, x) axes for 2D convolutions. For example, strides equal 4,2,1 means sliding the filter 4 pixel at a time over depth dimension, 2 over height dimension and 1 over width dimension.
• Range of values: integer values starting from 0
• Type: int[]
• Default value: None
• Required: yes
• Description: pads_begin is a number of pixels to add to the beginning along each axis. For example, pads_begin equal 1,2 means adding 1 pixel to the top of the input and 2 to the left of the input.
• Range of values: integer values starting from 0
• Type: int[]
• Default value: None
• Required: yes
• Note: the attribute is ignored when auto_pad attribute is specified.
• Description: pads_end is a number of pixels to add to the ending along each axis. For example, pads_end equal 1,2 means adding 1 pixel to the bottom of the input and 2 to the right of the input.
• Range of values: integer values starting from 0
• Type: int[]
• Default value: None
• Required: yes
• Note: the attribute is ignored when auto_pad attribute is specified.
• dilations
• Description: dilations denotes the distance in width and height between elements (weights) in the filter. For example, dilation equal 1,1 means that all the elements in the filter are neighbors, so it is the same as for the usual convolution. dilation equal 2,2 means that all the elements in the filter are matched not to adjacent elements in the input matrix, but to those that are adjacent with distance 1.
• Range of values: integer value starting from 0
• Type: int[]
• Default value: None
• Required: yes
• None (not specified): use explicit padding values.
• same_upper (same_lower) the input is padded to match the output size. In case of odd padding value an extra padding is added at the end (at the beginning).
• valid - do not use padding.
• Type: string
• Default value: None
• Required: no

Inputs:

• 1: Input tensor of rank 3 or greater. Required.
• 2: Convolution kernel tensor. Weights layout is OIYX (OIZYX for 3D convolution), which means that X is changing the fastest, then Y, then Input, then Output. The size of the kernel is derived from the shape of this input and not specified by any attribute. Required.

Example

<layer type="Convolution" ...>
<input>
<port id="0">
<dim>1</dim>
<dim>3</dim>
<dim>224</dim>
<dim>224</dim>
</port>
<port id="1">
<dim>64</dim>
<dim>3</dim>
<dim>5</dim>
<dim>5</dim>
</port>
</input>
<output>
<port id="2" precision="FP32">
<dim>1</dim>
<dim>64</dim>
<dim>224</dim>
<dim>224</dim>
</port>
</output>
</layer>